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Plastics

Overview


EU

EU:1935/2004/EC;EU No.10/2011


Material Test Item Test Method
Plastic(test items,Special materials have Additional requirements ) Overall migration (water或10% ethanol、3% acetic acid、20% ethanol、50% ethanol、rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil) EN 1186 1-14:2002
Specific migration of primary aromatic amines(sum) EN 13130-1:2004
Specific migration of metal(Ba,Co,Cu,Fe, Li,Mn,Zn) EN 13130-1:2004
PVC, Polyvinyl chloride Total phthalate(6P) EPA 3540C:1996
Specific migration of phthalate EN 13130-1:2004
VCM
Specific migration of VCM
Nylon, PA Specific migration of Caprolactam 
(only PA6)
EN 13130-16:2004
Melamine-formaldehyde resins Specific migration of formaldehyde EN 13130-23:2004
Special Migration of Melamine EN 13130-27:2004
PC,Polycarbonate Specific migration of BPA EN 13130-1:2004
AS, Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer Specific migration of acrylonitrile EN 13130-3:2004
ABS,Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene
co-polymer
Specific migration of acrylonitrile EN 13130-3:2004
POM,Polyoxymethylene Specific migration of formaldehyde EN 13130-23:2004


France

France :French Décret nº 2007-766 DGCCRF No.2004/64; (EU) No.10/2011;
Material Test Item Test Method
Plastic(test items,Special materials have Additional requirements ) Overall migration (water或10% ethanol、3% acetic acid、20% ethanol、50% ethanol、rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil) EN 1186 1-14:2002
Specific migration of primary aromatic amines(sum) EN 13130-1:2004
Specific migration of metal(Ba,Co,Cu,Fe, Li,Mn,Zn) EN 13130-1:2004
PVC, Polyvinyl chloride Total phthalate(6P) EPA 3540C:1996
Specific migration of phthalate EN 13130-1:2004
VCM
Specific migration of VCM
Nylon, PA
Specific migration of Caprolactam 
(only PA6)
EN 13130-16:2004
Melamine-formaldehyde resins Specific migration of formaldehyde EN 13130-23:2004
Special Migration of Melamine EN 13130-27:2004
PC,Polycarbonate Specific migration of BPA EN 13130-1:2004


Germany

Germany :LFGB 30&31;EU No.10/2011
Material Test Item Test Method
Plastic(test items,Special materials have Additional requirements ) Overall migration (water或10% ethanol、3% acetic acid、20% ethanol、50% ethanol、rectified olive oil or substitute of rectified olive oil) EN 1186 1-14:2002
Specific migration of primary aromatic amines(sum) EN 13130-1:2004
Specific migration of metal(Ba,Co,Cu,Fe, Li,Mn,Zn) EN 13130-1:2004
Sensory test DIN10955: 2004
PE、PP
Polyethylene
Polypropylene
Peroxide value(only PE) European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Total Chromium、Vanadium、Zirconium EPA3052:1996
PVC,
Polyvinyl chloride
Peroxide value European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Total phthalate(6P) EPA 3540C:1996
Specific migration of phthalate EN 13130-1:2004
VCM
Specific migration of VCM
Nylon,PA
Peroxide value European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Specific migration of Caprolactam 
(only PA6)
EN 13130-16:2004
Melamine-formaldehyde resins Peroxide value European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Specific migration of formaldehyde EN 13130-23:2004
Special Migration of Melamine EN 13130-27:2004
PC, Polycarbonate Specific migration of BPA EN 13130-1:2004
AS, Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer 
ABS,Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene
co-polymer
Peroxide value European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Specific migration of acrylonitrile EN 13130-3:2004
Volatile organic matter (VOM) LFGB BfR Part Ⅱ section XV, May 2003 and
LFGB section 35  B80.30 1(EG)
POM,Polyoxymethylene Specific migration of formaldehyde EN 13130-23:2004
Total Zinc EPA3052:1996
PS,Polystyrene Peroxide value European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Volatile organic matter (VOM) LFGB BfR Part Ⅱ section XV, May 2003 and
LFGB section 35  B80.30 1(EG)
PET, 
Polyethylene terephthalate
Peroxide value European Pharmacopeia 1997,p.173
Total Zinc、Lead EPA3052:1996


USA

USA:US Food Grade U.S. FDA CFR 21 Part 175-189 & FDA CPG 7117.05, 06, 07
Material Test Item Regulation/ standard
PE, 
Polyethylene
Density; 
n-hexane extractives; 
Xylene extractives;
21cfr177.1520
Olefin polymers
PP,
Polypropylene
Density; 
Melting point; 
n-hexane extractives; 
Xylene extractives;
21cfr177.1520
Olefin polymers
PVC
Polyvinyl chloride
water extractives; 
n-heptane extractives;
21cfr177.1950
Vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers
VCM 21cfr177.1975(draft)
Nylon, PA Specific gravity; 
Melting point; 
Solubility in boiling 4.2 N HCI 
Water extractives; 
95% ethanol extractives; 
Ethyl acetate extractives 
Benzene extractives;
21cfr177.1500
Nylon resins
Melamine-formaldehyde resins Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、n-heptane、8 % alcohol) 21cfr177.1460
Melamine-formaldehyde resins
in molded articles
PC, Polycarbonate Water extractives at refluxing temperature; 
50% ethanol extractives at refluxing temperature; 
n-heptane extractives at refluxing temperature
21cfr177.1580
Polycarbonate resins
AS, Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer Total nonvolatile extractives ;Maximum residual acrylonitrile monomer content;Nitrogen conten;
Minimum number average molecular weight
21cfr177.1040
Acrylonitrile/styrene copolymer
ABS,Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene
co-polymer
Total nonvolatile extractives(water、3% acetic acid or n-heptane); 
Extracted Acrylonitile(water、3% acetic acid); 
Residual acrylonitrile monomer content
21cfr177.1020
Acrylonitrile/butadiene/styrene
co-polymer
Extracted Acrylonitile(water、3% acetic acid 、8 % alcohol、n-heptane) 21cfr 180.22 Acrylonitrile copolymers 
& 181.32 Acrylonitrile copolymers and
resins
POM, Polyoxymethylene copolymer Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、n-heptane、8 % alcohol); 
water extractives; 
n-heptane extractives;
21cfr177.2470
Polyoxymethylene copolymer.
POM,Polyoxymethylene
homopolymer
Density; 
Melting point; 
Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、n-heptane、8 % alcohol); 
water extractives; 
n-heptane extractives; 
formaldehyde
21cfr177.2480
Polyoxymethylene
homopolymer.
PET, Polyethylene terephthalate Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、8 % alcohol、50 % alcohol、95 % alcohol、n-heptane) 21cfr177.1630
Polyethylene phthalate polymers
PS,Polystyrene Residual styrene monomer 21cfr177.1640
Polystyrene and rubbermodified
polystyrene
EMA, 
Ethylene- methyl acrylate copolymers
Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、8 % alcohol、50 % alcohol、n-heptane) 21cfr177.1340
EVA, Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、8 % alcohol、50 % alcohol、n-heptane) 21cfr177.1350
Ethylene-vinyl acetate copolymers.
Polysulfone resins 50 % alcohol extractives; 
3% acetic acid  extractives
n-heptane extractives;
21cfr177.1655
Polysulfone resins.
Urea-formaldehyde resin water extractives; 
8 % alcohol extractives
n-heptane extractives;
21cfr177.1900
Urea-formaldehyde resins in
molded articles
Polyester resins Net chloroform soluble extractives(water、8 % alcohol、50 % alcohol); 
n-heptane extractives
21cfr177.2420
Polyester resins, crosslinked.
Vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers water extractives; 
n-heptane extractives;
21cfr177.1950
Vinyl chloride-ethylene copolymers.


CHINA

China
Material Test Item Regulation/ standard Test Method
PE
polyethylene
resin Sensory test; 
Loss on drying;
Ignition residue;
n-hexane extractives;
GB 9691-1988
Hygienic standard for polyethylene resin used as food packaging materials
GB/T 5009.58-2003
product Sensory test; 
Evaporation residue(4% Acetic Acid, 65% Ethanol, N-hexane); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
Bleaching experiments;
GB 9687-1988
Hygienic standard for polyethylene products used as food containers and tablewares
GB/T 5009.60-2003
PP polypropylene Resin Sensory test;
n-hexane extractives;
GB 9693-1988
Hygienic standard for polypropyrene resin used as food packaging material
GB/T 5009.71-2003
Product Sensory test; 
Evaporation residue(4% Acetic Acid,  N-hexane); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
Bleaching experiments;
GB 9688-1988
Hygienic standard for polypropylene products used as food containers and tablewares
GB/T 5009.60-2003
PVC
polyvinyl chloride
Resin Sensory test;
vinyl chloride monomer;
1,1- dichloroethane monomer;
1,2- dichloroethane monomer;
GB 4803-1994
Hygienic standard for polyvinyl chloride resin used as food container and packaging material
GB/T 5009.122-2003
product Sensory test; 
vinyl chloride monomer;
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Evaporation residue(4% Acetic Acid, 20% Ethanol,  N-hexane); 
Bleaching experiments;
Heavy metal as lead;
GB 9681-1988
Hygienic standard for Polyvinyl Chloride products used as food packaging materials
GB/T 5009.67-2003
PVC bottle sheet and granular materials Sensory test; 
Evaporation residue;
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
vinyl chloride monomer;
Heavy metal as lead(except for granular materials);
GB 14944-1994
Hygienic standard for bottle sheet and granular materials of polyvinyl chloride for food packaging
GB/T 5009.67-2003
Nylon,
PA 
polyamide
nylon 6 resin Sensory test;
Caprolactam;
GB 16331-1996
Hygienic standard of nylon 6 resins for food packing materials
GB/T 5009.125-2003
product Sensory test;
Caprolactam(only for PA6);
Evaporation residue(water, 4% Acetic Acid, 20% Ethanol  N-hexane); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
Bleaching experiments;
GB 16332-1996
Hygienic standard for nylon products used as food packing materials
GB/T 5009.60-2003
GB/T 5009.125-2003
Melamine
melamine-formaldehyde product
Sensory test;
Evaporation residue(water); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Formaldehyde( elution); Melamine(elution)
Heavy metal as lead;
Bleaching experiments;
GB 9690-2009
Hygienic standard for melamine-formaldehyde products used as food containers and packaging-materials
GB/T 5009.60-2003
GB/T 5009.61-2003
PC
polycarbonate
Resin Sensory test;
Extracts(water,4% Acetic Acid, 20% Ethanol  N-hexane) 
Consumption of potassium permanganate; 
Phenol( elution); 
Heavy metal as lead;
GB 13116-1991
Hygienic standard for polycarbonate resin used as food containers and packaging materials
GB/T 5009.99-2003
product Sensory test;
Evaporation residue(water,4% Acetic Acid, 20% Ethanol  N-hexane); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Phenol( elution); 
Heavy metal as lead;
Bleaching experiments;
GB 14942-1994
Hygienic standard for polycarbonate products used as food containers and packaging materials
GB/T 5009.60-2003
GB/T 5009.69-2003
PS
polystyrene
Resin Sensory test;
Loss on drying;
Volatile substances
styrene, Phenylethane; n-hexane extractives;
GB 9692-1988
Hygienic standard for polystyrene resin used as food packaging materials.
GB/T 5009.59-2003
product Sensory test;
Extracts(4% Acetic Acid, 65% Ethanol);
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
Bleaching experiments;
GB 9689-1988
Hygienic standard for polystyrene products used as food containers and tablewares
GB/T 5009.60-2003
PET
polyethylene terephthalate
Resin Sensory test;
Lead and antimony( elution);
Evaporation residue(water,4% Acetic Acid, 65% Ethanol  N-hexane);
GB 13114-1991
Hygienic standard for polyethylene terephthalate resin used as food containers and packaging materials
GB/T 5009.58-2003; 
GB/T 5009.101-2003
product Sensory test;
Evaporation residue(water,4% Acetic Acid, 65% Ethanol  N-hexane); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
antimony( elution);
Bleaching experiments;
GB 13113-1991
Hygienic standard for polyethylene terephthalate products used as food containers and packaging materials
GB/T 5009.60-2003 
GB/T 5009.101-2003
AS, acrylonitrile- styrene products Sensory test;
Evaporation residue(water,4% Acetic Acid, 20% Ethanol  N-hexane); 
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
Residual acrylonitrile monomer content;
GB 17327-1998
Hygienic standard for acrylonitrile- styrene products used as food containers and packaging materials
GB/T 5009.60-2003; 
GB/T 5009.152-2003
ABS, 
acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene products
Sensory test;
Evaporation residue(water,4% Acetic Acid, 20% Ethanol  N-hexane);
Consumption of potassium permanganate;
Heavy metal as lead;
Residual acrylonitrile monomer content;
GB 17326-1998
Hygienic standard for rubber-modified acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene products used as food containers and packaging materials
GB/T 5009.60-2003; 
GB/T 5009.152-2003
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