banner

Test and assessment of the occupational-disease-

Overview

Summary

In order to prevent, control and eradicate occupational diseases might caused by construction projects, to regulate the supervision and management of occupational health of construction projects, and to ensure the prevention facilities of occupational diseases in construction projects go into designing, construction, production and use simultaneously with the main part of the projects, Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC specifies the regulations for the assessment of the occupational diseases in construction projects.


Pre-assessment of Occupational Diseases in Construction Projects

Significance of pre-assessment:
Pre-assessment of occupational diseases aims at the construction projects that might cause occupational diseases. It carries out hygiene analysis and assessment on the occupational-disease-inductive factors and its harmfulness and exposure levels, prevention facilities and emergency rescue facilities of occupational diseases on the stage of the feasibility proof of the projects. 
Assessment on the effects of the control of the occupational diseases in construction projects refers to the comprehensive assessment on the occupational-disease-inductive factors and its exposure levels in the workplace, prevention facilities and measures of occupational diseases and the effects between the completion and the final acceptance of the project. 
Approve and initiate a project: The construction project can get the approval from the administrative department after the pre-assessment of the occupational diseases. 
Forecast the types and intensity of the inductive factors: Forecast the types and intensity of the inductive factors that might exist in the working place after the completion of the project with the methods such as analogy.
Control the occupational diseases from the very beginning: Use professional advice to carry out the prevention work of occupational diseases after the completion of the project so as to avoid the occurrence of occupational diseases.


Test and assessment on the radiological prevention in the workplace

Laws and regulations:
Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC
Article 27 The Employer should appoint respective employee to make routine supervision over occupational-disease-inductive factors and ensure the normal operation of the monitoring systems.
The Employer should make regular test and assessment on the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace according to the regulation of the public health authority under the State Council. The assessment result shall be logged into the Employer’s occupational health archive for regular submission to local public-health authority and for release to the laborers.
The test and assessment of occupational-disease-inductive factors should be undertaken by occupational-health technical service organizations who are approved by the public health authorities under province-above people’s governments. The assessing organization should be objective and justified in the test and assessment.
In the event that the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace fail to comply with the national standard and requirement of occupational health, the Employer should take immediate countermeasures, which, if failing to eradicate the problem, should necessitate immediate discontinuation of the operation concerned. The discontinued operation should not be restored unless the occupational-disease-inductive factor is accredited consistent with the national standard and requirement of occupational health.
Interim Measures for Supervision and Administration of the “Three Simultaneities” for Occupational Health at Construction Projects(Order NO.51 by State Administration of Work Safety)
Article 10 For those construction projects that might cause occupational diseases, the construction organization should entrust the pre-assessment of occupational diseases and the pre-assessment report to occupational health technical service institutions with appropriate qualifications. 
The pre-assessment report should conclude as the following:
(1) Introduction of the project
(2) Analysis and assessment of the occupational-disease-inductive factors and its harmfulness to the health of laborers
(3) Assessment of the types of the occupational diseases in construction projects
(4) Analysis and assessment of the technology intended to be used in the prevention facilities of occupational diseases in construction projects
(5) Advice on the setting up of occupational health management organizations, the personnel allocation of occupational health management and system construction
(6) Advice on the prevention measures of occupational diseases in construction projects
(7) Conclusion of the pre-assessment of occupational diseases
Article 11 After the completion of the pre-assessment report of occupational diseases, the construction organization should arrange related experts on occupational health to evaluate the report.
The construction organization is responsible for the authenticity and legitimacy of the pre-assessment report of occupational diseases.

Pre-assessment range:
Design stage of the project

Assessment on the effects of the control of the occupational diseases in construction projects
Before the acceptance of the project, the construction organization should take the assessment on the effects of control of the occupational diseases. Upon the acceptance of the construction project, its prevention facilities of occupational diseases shouldn’t be taken into production and use until passing the acceptance inspection of Health Administrative Departments.

Significance of the assessment of the effects of control:
Complete the acceptance of the project: By the assessment of the effects of control, the construction project can get the acceptance and approval of the administrative department. 
Specify factors: Specify the types of the inductive factors in the workplace by different kinds of methods such as mass spectrometry.
Specify data: Specify the intensity of the inductive factors in the workplace by on-site test.
Specify problems: Specify the existing problems in the workplace by methods such as prevention facilities. 
Specify solutions: Solve the existing problems to decrease the risk of the enterprise by comprehensive analysis.

Rules and regulations:
Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC
Article 27 The Employer should appoint respective employee to make routine supervision over occupational-disease-inductive factors and ensure the normal operation of the monitoring systems.
The Employer should make regular test and assessment on the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace according to the regulation of the public health authority under the State Council. The assessment result shall be logged into the Employer’s occupational health archive for regular submission to local public-health authority and for release to the laborers.
The test and assessment of occupational-disease-inductive factors should be undertaken by occupational-health technical service organizations who are approved by the public health authorities under province-above people’s governments. The assessing organization should be objective and justified in the test and assessment.
In the event that the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace fail to comply with the national standard and requirement of occupational health, the Employer should take immediate countermeasures, which, if failing to eradicate the problem, should necessitate immediate discontinuation of the operation concerned. The discontinued operation should not be restored unless the occupational-disease-inductive factor is accredited consistent with the national standard and requirement of occupational health.
Interim Measures for Supervision and Administration of the “Three Simultaneities” for Occupational Health at Construction Projects(Order NO.51 by State Administration of Work Safety)
Article 26 On the test run of the construction project, the construction organization should monitor the operation of prevention facilities of occupational diseases and the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace, and entrust the assessment on the effects of control of occupational diseases to occupational health technical service institutions with appropriate qualifications.
The construction organization should provide with tested place, equipment and facilities qualified to the standards and requirements of test and assessment.
Article 27 After the completion of the assessment report of the effects of control of occupational diseases, the construction organization should arrange related experts on occupational health to evaluate the report.
The construction organization is responsible for the authenticity and legitimacy of the assessment report of the effects of control of occupational diseases.

Assessment range of the effects of control:
Test run of the project

Assessment on the status of occupational-disease-inductive factors

Significance of status assessment:
Specify factors: Specify the types of the inductive factors in the workplace by different kinds of methods such as mass spectrometry.
Specify data: Specify the intensity of the inductive factors in the workplace by on-site test.
Specify problems: Specify the existing problems in the workplace by methods such as prevention facilities. 
Specify solutions: Solve the existing problems to decrease the risk of the enterprise by comprehensive analysis.

Rules and regulations:
Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC
Article 27 The Employer should appoint respective employee to make routine supervision over occupational-disease-inductive factors and ensure the normal operation of the monitoring systems.
The Employer should make regular test and assessment on the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace according to the regulation of the public health authority under the State Council. The assessment result shall be logged into the Employer’s occupational health archive for regular submission to local public-health authority and for release to the laborers.
The test and assessment of occupational-disease-inductive factors should be undertaken by occupational-health technical service organizations who are approved by the public health authorities under province-above people’s governments. The assessing organization should be objective and justified in the test and assessment.
In the event that the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace fail to comply with the national standard and requirement of occupational health, the Employer should take immediate countermeasures, which, if failing to eradicate the problem, should necessitate immediate discontinuation of the operation concerned. The discontinued operation should not be restored unless the occupational-disease-inductive factor is accredited consistent with the national standard and requirement of occupational health.
Provisions on the Supervision and Administration of Occupational Health at Work Sites( Order No. 47 by State Administration of Work Safety) 
Article 20 Employers who can cause serious occupational diseases, in addition to the preceding provisions, shall entrust the occupational health technical service institutions with corresponding qualifications, to conduct one status assessment of occupational diseases at least every three years. Test and assessment results should be deposited in the occupational health record of the company, and also be reported to the supervision and administration department of production safety and laborers.
Article 21 Employers who can cause occupational diseases shall in time entrust the occupational health technical service institutions with corresponding qualifications, to conduct one status assessment of occupational diseases when it comes to one of the following situations:
(1) Initial claim for occupational health and safety license or application for replacement due to the expiration of the valid period of occupational health and safety license
(2) Occurance of accidents due to occupational diseases
(3) Other cases defined by State Administration of Work Safety
According to the rules mentioned above and other related rules and regulations, carry out test and assessment on the workplace, specify the occupational-disease-inductive factors, measure its intensity, comprehensively analyze its harmfulness to the health of laborers with combination with the prevention measures and management system and other situations, and assess the effects of prevention of occupational diseases by the employer to give advice on the prevention measures of occupational diseases to the workplace with such problems.

Files provided by clients:
1. Construction project files
2. Pre-assessment report of occupational diseases in the construction project and approval of hygiene inspection
3. Assessment report on the effects on environment of the construction project
4. Safety assessment report on the construction project  
5. Initial plan and introduction of the construction project
6. All material safety data sheet(MSDS) and product composition and consumption
7. General layout
8. Workshop floor plan( layout, number and type of the equipment included)
9. Chart and introduction of the production process flow 
10. Settings of prevention facilities
11. Provision of personal protective equipment
12. Machine account of occupational health management
13. Summary sheet of medical examination reports on occupational health
14. General data during the operation(status of the load, occurrence of safety accidents, poisoning and other accidents)

Business basis:
Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC
Notification on the printing and distribution of Provisions on the inspection of occupational health by Ministry of Health

Period of status assessment:
Every three years for enterprises with serious occupational diseases


Monitoring occupational-disease-inductive factors

According to the Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC, “The Employer should make regular test and assessment on the occupational-disease-inductive factors in the workplace according to the regulation of the public health authority under the State Council.” And according to the Article 20 from the Provisions on the Supervision and Administration of Occupational Health at Work Sites, “Employers who can cause serious occupational diseases, shall entrust the occupational health technical service institutions with corresponding qualifications, to conduct one test of occupational-disease-inductive factors at least every three years.” Employers shall, according to rules sand regulations, carry out test and assessment on the workplace, specify the occupational-disease-inductive factors, measure its intensity, analyze its harmfulness to the health of laborers, and assess the effects of prevention of occupational diseases by the employer to give advice on the prevention measures of occupational diseases to the workplace not reaching the standards of prevention of occupational diseases.
Routine observation applies to the regular observation of the intensity of the harmful articles in the air in the workplace.
When the occupational exposure limit was the Permissible Concentration-Time Weighted Average, representative sampling points should be selected. Sample a working group in the working day with the highest harmful substance concentration in the air.
When the occupational exposure limit was short term exposure permissible concentration, limit or highest permissible concentration, representative sampling points should be selected. Sample when the intensity of the harmful substance concentration in the air of a working group is the highest.

Test and assessment on the radiological prevention in the workplace
Significance of test and assessment:
Understand the radioactive source and the situation of prevention facilities, and find the hidden dangers to protect the health of workers
Rules and regulations:
Code of Occupational Disease Prevention of PRC
Basic Standarsd for the Ionizing Radiation Protection and radioactive Source Security(GB18871-2002)

Period of test and assessment:
Once a year

Standards for test:
Hygiene Standard for Design of Industrial Firms GBZ 1-2010
Occupational Exposure Limit for Harmful Substances in the Workplace GBZ 2-2007
Sampling Standards for the Test of Harmful Substances in the Air of the Workplace GBZ 159-2004
Determination of Toxic Substances in the Workplace GBZ/T 160-2004(2007)
Measurement of the Physical Factors in the Workplace GBZ/T 189-2007
Determination of Dust in the air of the Workplace GBZ/T 192-2007
Other related standards for test 

Test item
Category Item
Physical factors High temperature, noise, ultraviolet radiation, etc. in the workplace
Chemical hazards Cadmium, copper, lead, zinc and other heavy metal ions and their compounds in the air of the workplace;hexane, isopropyl alcohol, ether, ethyl acetate, phenol, formaldehyde, benzene, gasoline and other organic solvent in the air of the workplace; nitric oxide, nitrogen dioxide, ammonia, hydrogen sulfide, fluoride, dust, air total dust free silica, etc. in the air of the workplace
Send a Message

If you have any problem when using the website or our products, please write down your comments or suggestions, we will answer your questions as soon as possible!Thank you for your attention!

If you have questions or suggestions,please leave us a message,we will reply you as soon as we can!

Contact Info
  • Visit Our Company at

    2/F., Building 2, No.1-4, Chaxi Sanwei Technical Industrial Park, Gushu, Xixiang, Bao'an District, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China

  • Have a Questions? Call us

    Phone : 400 089 2118

  • Contact with Us

    Email : agc@agc-cert.com

welcome to AGC
If you have any problem when using the website or our products, please write down your comments or suggestions, we will answer your questions as soon as possible!Thank you for your attention!

home

services

about

contact