TOYS
  • ECHA proposed consultations on four substances to identify substances of high concern
    European Chemicals Agency (ECHA) published for public consultation notice on four substances of very high concern identification on September 3, 2021. The consultation will end on October 18, 2021. Stakeholders can post comments on the ECHA website. The information for public consultation of four substances in the table below: No Substances Name EC No. CAS No. Reason for proposing 1 (±)-1,7,7-trimethyl-3-[(4-methylphenyl)methylene]bicyclo[2.2.1]heptan-2-one covering any of the individual isomers and/or combinations thereof (4-MBC) - - Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) - human health) 2 6,6'-di-tert-butyl-2,2'-methylenedi-p-cresol (DBMC) 204-327-1 119-47-1 Toxic for reproduction  (Article 57 c) 3 S-(tricyclo[5.2.1.0'2,6]deca-3-en-8(or 9)-yl) O-(isopropyl or isobutyl or 2-ethylhexyl) O-(isopropyl or isobutyl or 2-ethylhexyl) phosphorodithioate 401-850-9 255881-94-8 PBT (Article 57 d) 4 tris(2-methoxyethoxy)vinylsilane 213-934-0 1067-53-4 Toxic for reproduction (Article 57 c) AGC Note: Once these substances are added to the SVHC list, you must meet a series of obligations such as information transmission, notification, please pay attention to SVHC update dynamic.
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  • ECHA again proposes to add Resorcinol to SVHC list
         On June 1, 2021, the EU Committee (EU) submitted G/TBT/N/EU/803 notification to the WTO (WTO) , the reason that resorcinol is included into the SVHC list is its endocrine disrupting properties, with probable serious effects to human health which give rise to an equivalent level of concern to those of other substances listed in Article 57, points (a) to (e), of the REACH Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006. The public consultation time is 60 days after the announcement, and the deadline is July 31, 2021.      On March 2020, resorcinol has been included in the 23rd batch of substances by ECHA because of its "Article 57 (f) - human health)" by ECHA, and the SVHC list announced in June 2020, due to the ECHA’s Member State Committee has not reached an agreement, there is no formal incorporation of resorcinol to the SVHC list.      The substance proposed by the European Commission to be included in SVHC list:      AGC Note: Once these substances are added to the SVHC list, you must meet a series of obligations such as information transmission, notification, please pay attention to SVHC update dynamic.
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  • EU amending Annex I to POPs Regulation (EU) 2019/1021 as regards the restrictions on pentachlorophenol and its salts and ester
    On February 23, 2021, EU’s Official Journal issued Regulation (EU) 2021/277, formally amending Annex I to POPs Regulation (EU) 2019/1021 as regards the specific exemption on pentachlorophenol and its salts and ester. The amendment has officially entered into force on March 15, 2021. Pentachlorophenol and its salts and esters have been listed in Annex I to Regulation (EU) 2019/1021 before, butwithout an Unintentional Trace Contaminant (UTC) limit value. This revision clarifies the limit of pentachlorophenol (PCP) and its salts and esters. Specific revisions are as follows: Substance CAS No EC No Specific exemption or other specification on intermediate use Pentachlorophenol and its salts and esters 87-86-5 and others 201-778-6 and others For the purposes of this entry, point (b) of Article 4(1) shall apply to substances, mixtures or articles with concentrations of pentachlorophenol and its salts and esters equal to or below 5 mg/kg (0,0005 % by weight). AGC Tips: Pentachlorophenol and its salts and esters are often used as additives and preservatives in wood and textiles. AGC reminded relevant companies to pay close attention on POPs latest Regulation and prepared in advance for actively response.
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  • The 24th batch of SVHC substances was released and the SVHC list was updated to 211 items Helsinki
    The 24th batch of SVHC substances was released and the SVHC list was updated to 211 items Helsinki, 19 January 2021 - ECHA has added two new substances to the Candidate List. They were added to the Candidate List as they are toxic for reproduction and therefore, may adversely affect sexual function and fertility, and cause developmental toxicity in offspring. Companies must follow their legal obligations and ensure the safe use of these chemicals. From January 2021 onwards, they also have to notify ECHA under the Waste Framework Directive if their products contain substances of very high concern and the concentration exceeds 0.1%. This notification is submitted to ECHA’s SCIP database. To date, the SVHC list has been updated to 211 items. Substances included in the Candidate List for authorisation on 19 January 2021 and their SVHC properties: AGC Note: Companies may have legal obligations resulting from the inclusion of the substance in the Candidate List. These obligations may apply to the listed substance on its own, in mixtures or in articles. In particular, any supplier of articles containing a Candidate List substance above a concentration of 0.1% (weight by weight) has communication obligations towards customers down the supply chain and consumers. In addition, importers and producers of articles containing the substance have six months from the date of its inclusion in the Candidate List (19 January 2021) to notify ECHA. Click the link below to view the complete SVHC list: https://echa.europa.eu/candidate-list-table
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  • REACH Annex XVII adds PFCAs Restrictions
           On August 5, 2021, the European Union published (EU) 2021/1297 in its official gazette, amending Article 68 of Annex XVII of REACH, and replacing the deleted Article 68 with "perfluorocarboxylic acid with 9 to 14 carbon atoms" Acids (C9-C14 PFCAs), including its salts and related substances", the original Article 68 "perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA)" has been deleted from REACH Annex XVII and will be included in the EU POPs regulation. This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union.               In Annex XVII, entry 68 is replaced by the following: Old regulations New regulations 68.Linear and branched perfluorocarboxylic acids of the formula CnF2n +1-C(= O)OH where n = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13 (C9-C14 PFCAs), including their salts, and any combinations thereof; Any C9-C14 PFCA-related substance having a perfluoro group with the formula CnF2n +1- directly attached to another carbon atom, where n = 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, or 13, including their salts and any combinations thereof; Any C9-C14 PFCA-related substance having a perfluoro group with the formula CnF2n +1- that it is not directly attached to another carbon atom, where n = 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14 as one of the structural elements, including their salts and any combinations thereof. The following substances are excluded from this designation —CnF2n +1-X, where X = F, Cl, or Br where n = 9, 10, 11, 12, 13 or 14, including any combinations thereof, —CnF2n +1-C(= O)OX' where n> 13 and X'=any group, including salts. 1.Shall not be manufactured, or placed on the market as substances on their own from 25 February 2023. 2.Shall not, from 25 February 2023, be used in, or placed on the market in: (a)another substance, as a constituent; (b)a mixture; (c)an article, except if the concentration in the substance, the mixture, or the article is below 25 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs and their salts or 260 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCA-related substances. 3. By way of derogation to paragraph 2, the concentration limit shall be 10 ppm for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 PFCA related substances, where they are present in a substance to be used as a transported isolated intermediate, provided that the conditions in points (a) to (f) of Article 18(4) of this Regulation are met for the manufacturing of fluorochemicals with a perfluoro carbon chain length equal to or shorter than 6 atoms. The Commission shall review this limit no later than 25 August 2023. 4. Paragraph 2 shall apply from 4 July 2023 to: (i) textiles for oil- and water-repellency for the protection of workers from dangerous liquids that comprise risks to their health and safety; (ii) the manufacture of polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) for the production of: — high performance, corrosion resistant gas filter membranes, water filter membranes and membranes for medical textiles; — industrial waste heat exchanger equipment; — industrial sealants capable of preventing leakage of volatile organic compounds and PM 2,5 particulates 5. By way of derogation to paragraph 2, the use of C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances shall be allowed until 4 July 2025 for: (i) photolithography or etch processes in semiconductor manufacturing; (ii) photographic coatings applied to films; (iii) invasive and implantable medical devices; (iv) fire-fighting foam for liquid fuel vapour suppression and liquid fuel fire (Class B fires) already installed in systems, including both mobile and fixed systems, subject to the following conditions: — fire-fighting foam that contains or may contain C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances shall not be used for training; — fire-fighting foam that contains or may contain C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances shall not be used for testing unless all releases are contained; — from 1 January 2023, uses of fire-fighting foam that contains or may contain C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances shall only be allowed to sites where all releases can be contained; — fire-fighting foam stockpiles that contain or may contain C9-C14 PFCAs, their salts and C9-C14 PFCA-related substances shall be managed in accordance with Article 5 of Regulation (EU) 2019/1021. 6. Paragraph 2(c) shall not apply to articles placed on the market before 25 February 2023. 7. Paragraph 2 shall not apply to the can coating for pressurised metered-dose inhalers until 25 August 2028. 8. Paragraph 2 (c) shall apply from 31 December 2023 to: (a) semiconductors on their own; (b) semiconductors incorporated in semi-finished and finished electronic equipment. 9. Paragraph 2(c) shall apply from 31 December 2030 to semiconductors used in spare or replacement parts for finished electronic equipment placed on the market before 31 December 2023. 10. Until 25 August 2024, the concentration limit referred to in paragraph 2 shall be 2 000 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs in fluoroplastics and fluoroelastomers that contain perfluoroalkoxy groups. From 25 August 2024, the concentration limit shall be 100 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs, in fluoroplastics and fluoroelastomers that contain perfluoroalkoxy groups. All emissions of C9-C14 PFCAs during the manufacture and use of fluoroplastics and fluoroelastomers that contain perfluoroalkoxy groups shall be avoided and, if not possible, reduced as far as technically and practically possible. This derogation shall not apply to articles referred to in paragraph 2(c). The Commission shall review this derogation no later than 25 August 2024. 11.The concentration limit referred to in paragraph 2 shall be 1 000 ppb for the sum of C9-C14 PFCAs, where these are present in PTFE micro powders produced by ionising irradiation or by thermal degradation, as well as in mixtures and articles for industrial and professional uses containing PTFE micro powders. All emissions of C9-C14 PFCAs during the manufacture and use of PTFE micro powders shall be avoided and, if not possible, reduced as far as technically and practically possible. The Commission shall review this derogation no later than 25 August 2024. 12.For the purposes of this entry, C9-C14 PFCA-related substances are substances that, based on their molecular structure, are considered to have the potential to degrade or be transformed to C9-C14 PFCAs.’ AGC Note: REACH regulations are constantly being updated, and companies should pay attention to regulatory information in a timely manner to ensure product compliance.
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  • REACH Annex XVII Amendments to PAHs Restrictions
         On July 21, 2021, the European Union issued Regulation (EU) 2021/1199 in its official gazette, amending Article 50 of Annex XVII of REACH Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, adding it to artificial turf grounds, playgrounds or sports applications Used as filler particles or coverings to restrict the use of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). This Regulation shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union. In column 2 of entry 50 of Annex XVII to Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, the following paragraphs are added: ●Granules or mulches shall not be placed on the market for use as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications if they contain more than 20 mg/kg (0,002 % by weight) of the sum of all listed PAHs. ●Granules or mulches shall not be used as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications if they contain more than 20 mg/kg (0,002 % by weight) of the sum of all listed PAHs. ●Granules or mulches placed on the market for use as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications shall be marked with a unique identification number of the batch. ●Paragraphs 9 to 11 shall apply from 10 August 2022. ●Granules or mulches that are in use in the Union on 9 August 2022 as infill material in synthetic turf pitches or in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications may remain in place and continue to be used there for the same purpose. ●For the purposes of paragraphs 9 to 13: (a)“granules” are mixtures that appear as solid particles in the size range from 1 to 4 mm, which are made from rubber or other vulcanised or polymeric material of recycled or virgin origin, or obtained from a natural source; (b)“mulches” are mixtures that appear as flake-shaped solid particles in the size range from 4 to 130 mm length and 10 to 15 mm width, which are made from rubber or other vulcanised or polymeric material of recycled or virgin origin, or obtained from a natural source; (c)“infill material in synthetic turf pitches” consists of granules used in synthetic turf pitches to improve the sport technical performance characteristics of the turf system; (d)“use in loose form on playgrounds or in sport applications” is any use of granules or mulches in loose form on playgrounds or for sport purposes other than as infill material in synthetic turf pitches.’ AGC Note: REACH regulations are constantly being updated, and companies should pay attention to regulatory information in a timely manner to ensure product compliance.
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  • US TPCH increases Phthalates and PFAS hazardous substances
         On February 16, 2021, TPCH (Toxics in Packaging Clearinghouse) officially updated the "Model Toxics in Packaging Legislation", referred to as TPCH. The amendment takes effect from the date of adoption. Sstates may update their existing laws or adopt the newly amended legislation to control toxic substances in packaging. The revised chemical substance requirements are as follows: Substance Limit requirement Remark Lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg) or hexavalent chromium (Cr6+) The sum of ≤ 100ppm(0.01%, by weight) - Phthalates The sum of ≤ 100ppm (0.01%, by weight) Means all members of the class of organic chemicals that are esters of phthalic acid and that contain 2 carbon chains located in the ortho position. Perfluoroalkyl and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAS) There shall be no detectable Means all members of the class of fluorinated organic chemicals containing at least one fully fluorinated carbon atom.      Exmptions:All packages and packaging components shall be subject to this Act, unless, an individual state adopts into their law, any or all of the below exemptions, which shall then apply only in that state.      a. those packages or packaging components to which lead, cadmium, mercury or hexavalent chromium have been added in the manufacturing, forming, printing or distribution process in order to comply with health or safety requirements of State or Federal law, provided that the manufacturer of a package or packaging component must petition the [state administrative agency] for any exemption from the provisions of this subsection for a particular package or packaging component based upon either criterion; and provided further that the [state administrative agency] may grant an exemption for up to two years if warranted by the circumstances; and provided further that such an exemption may, upon reapplication for exemption and meeting the criteria of this subsection, be renewed at two-year intervals; or       b. those packages or packaging components to which lead, cadmium, mercury or hexavalent chromium have been added in the manufacturing, forming, printing or distribution process for which there is no feasible alternative, provided that the manufacturer of a package or packaging component must petition the [state administrative agency] for any exemption from the provisions of this subsection for a particular package or packaging component based upon the criterion and submit such documentation as necessary to support the request for the exemption; and provided further that the [state administrative agency] may grant an exemption for up to two years if warranted by the circumstances; and provided further that such an exemption may, upon reapplication for exemption and meeting the criterion of this subsection, be renewed at two-year intervals. For purposes of this subsection, a use for which there is no feasible alternative is one in which the petitioner conclusively demonstrates that the regulated substance is essential to the protection, safe handling, or function of the package’s contents and that technical constraints preclude the use of alternatives. “No feasible alternative” does not include use of any of the regulated metals for the purposes of marketing.      Certificate of Compliance:Upon request,a Certificate of Compliance stating that a package or packaging component is in compliance with the requirements of this Act shall be furnished by its manufacturer or supplier to the purchaser of the packaging or packaging component. If the above exemption is in compliance, the Certificate of Compliance shall state the specific basis upon which the exemption is claimed. The Certificate of Compliance shall be signed by an authorized official of the manufacturing or supplying company.       Official website link: https://toxicsinpackaging.org/model-legislation/model/
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  • The 25th batch of SVHC substances was released and the SVHC list was updated to 219 items
         Helsinki, 8 July 2021 - ECHA has added eight new substances to the Candidate List. Because they have a combination of endocrine disrupting properties and other attributes of interest. The latter may have serious effects on human health and the environment, causing carcinogenic, mutagenic and reproductive toxicity (CMR), persistence, bioaccumulation and toxicity (PBT) and very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) substances The same level of attention. From January 2021 onwards, they also have to notify ECHA under the Waste Framework Directive if their products contain substances of very high concern and the concentration exceeds 0.1%. This notification is submitted to ECHA’s SCIP database. To date, the SVHC list has been updated to 219 items. Substances included in the Candidate List for authorisation on 8 July 2021 and their SVHC properties: No Substances Name EC No. CAS No. Reason for proposing Use 1 1,4-dioxane 204-661-8 123-91-1 Equivalent level of concern having probable serious effects on the environment (Article 57f) Carcinogenic (Article 57a) Used as a solvent, used in the production of oils and pigments, used as a reference for determining the molecular weight of unknown compounds, and used as a stabilizer for chloride solutions. 2 2,2-bis(bromomethyl)propane1,3-diol (BMP); 2,2-dimethylpropan-1-ol, tribromo derivative/3-bromo-2,2-bis(bromomethyl)-1-propanol (TBNPA) ; 2,3-dibromo-1-propanol (2,3-DBPA) - 221-967-7 253-057-0 202-480-9 1522-92-5 3296-90-0 36483-57-5  96-13-9 Carcinogenic (Article 57a) Used in the production of plastic products and chemicals. 3 2-(4-tert-butylbenzyl)propionaldehyde and its individual stereoisomers - - Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c) Used as an intermediate in industrial production, for cleaning products, paint, thinner, paint remover, putty, plaster, modeling clay, nail polish and toner 4 4,4'-(1-methylpropylidene)bisphenol; (bisphenol B) 201-025-1 77-40-7 Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) - environment AND human health) Used in the manufacture of phenolic resin and polycarbonate, as a corrosion inhibitor for the coating of food cans. 5 Glutaral 203-856-5 111-30-8 Respiratory sensitising properties (Article 57(f) - human health) Used as insecticide, used in leather tanning and X-ray film processing. 6 Medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCP) [UVCB substances consisting of more than or equal to 80% linear chloroalkanes with carbon chain lengths within the range from C14 to C17] - - PBT (Article 57d) vPvB (Article 57e) Used as a secondary plasticizer in PVC, as a coolant and lubricating fluid in metal cutting, grinding and molding processes, as a softener and flame retardant in rubber production, as a paint, varnish and other coatings The plasticizer is used as a plasticizer or flame retardant in adhesives. 7 Orthoboric acid, sodium salt 237-560-2 13840-56-7 Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c) Used as a solvent and as a corrosion inhibitor. 8 Phenol, alkylation products (mainly in para position) with C12-rich branched or linear alkyl chains from oligomerisation, covering any individual isomers and/ or combinations thereof (PDDP) - - Toxic for reproduction (Article 57c) Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) – human health)  Endocrine disrupting properties (Article 57(f) – environment) Used as an intermediate or raw material for polymer production, for the preparation of various lubricating additive materials and fuel system cleaners.   AGC Note: Companies may have legal obligations resulting from the inclusion of the substance in the Candidate List. These obligations may apply to the listed substance on its own, in mixtures or in articles. In particular, any supplier of articles containing a Candidate List substance above a concentration of 0.1% (weight by weight) has communication obligations towards customers down the supply chain and consumers. In addition, importers and producers of articles containing the substance have six months from the date of its inclusion in the Candidate List (8 July 2021) to notify ECHA. According to the Waste Framework Directive (WFD)-Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Union, the SCIP notification must be completed if SVHC substances in articles exceed 0.1%.
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  • Aniline is Added to EU Toy Safety Directive
    On June 3, 2021, the Official Journal of the European Union published Commission Directives (EU) 2021/903 to amend Appendix C to Annex II of the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC, added specific limit values for aniline used in toys intended for use by children under 36 months or in other toys intended to be placed in the mouth. This Directive shall enter into force on the twentieth day following that of its publication in the Official Journal of the European Union, and will be formally implemented on December 5, 2022. Substance CAS NO. Materials Limit Aniline 62-53-3 Textile and leather 30mg/kg(after reductive cleavage) Finger paints 10mg/kg(as free) 30mg/kg(after reductive cleavage)   Official Journal of the European Union:  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32021L0903&qid=1623806510793  
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  • The EU Updates the Harmonized standards of Toy Safety Directive
    On May 31, 2021, the Official Journal of the European Union published Commission implementing decision (EU) 2021/867, which updated the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC harmonized standards. The updated harmonized standards involve three are: EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 Safety of toys -Part 7: Finger paints- Requirements and test methods EN 71-12:2016 Safety of toys- Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances EN IEC 62115:2020, EN IEC 62115:2020/A11:2020 Electric toys – Safety The previous versions of EN 71-7:2014+A2:2018 and EN 71-12:2013 will be withdrawn on November 28, 2021. The previous versions of EN 62115:2005 Electric toys – Safety, IEC 62115:2003 (Modified) + A1:2004, EN 62115:2005/A11:2012/AC:2013, EN 62115:2005/A11:2012, EN 62115:2005/A12:2015 EN 62115:2005/A2:2011/AC:2011, EN 62115:2005/A2:2011, IEC 62115:2003/A2:2010 (Modified) will be withdrawn on February 21, 2022.          The complete list of the Toy Safety Directive 2009/48/EC harmonized standards (from May 31, 2021) is as follows: EN 71-1:2014+A1:2018 Safety of toys - Part 1: Mechanical and physical properties EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014 Safety of toys- Part 2: Flammability EN 71-3:2019 Safety of toys - Part 3: Migration of certain elements EN 71-4:2013 Safety of toys - Part 4: Experimental sets for chemistry and related activities EN 71-5:2015 Safety of toys - Part 5: Chemical toys (sets) other than experimental sets EN 71-7:2014+A3:2020 Safety of toys- Part 7: Finger paints — Requirements and test methods EN 71-8:2018 Safety of toys - Part 8: Activity toys for domestic use EN 71-12:2016 Safety of toys - Part 12: N-Nitrosamines and N-nitrosatable substances EN 71-13:2014 Safety of toys — Part 13: Olfactory board games, cosmetic kits and gustative games EN 71-14:2018 Safety of toys - Part 14: Trampolines for domestic use EN IEC 62115:2020 Electric toys - Safety EN IEC 62115:2020/A11:2020 It should be noted that EN71-2:2020 and EN 71-3:2019+A1:2021 have not been updated to the list of harmonized standards. At this stage, AGC recommends that you carry out the relevant tests for EN 71-2:2011+A1:2014& EN71-2:2020 and EN 71-3:2019& EN 71-3:19 +A1:2021 at the same time to meet the requirements of all parties. The Official Journal of the European Union:  https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A32021D0867&qid=1623807757600
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  • International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code Special provisions 188
    According to UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods - Manual of Test and Criteria, lithium battery is classified as dangerous goods in class 9. However, in marine transport, if lithium cells and batteries meet the requirement in SP188, which means they are not subject to provisions of the test and criteria, then, they can be transported as Non-Dangerous Goods . Special provisions 188: (a)For a lithium metal or lithium alloy cell, the lithium content is not more than 1 g, and for a lithium-ion cell, the Watt-hour rating is not more than 20Wh. (b)For a lithium metal or lithium alloy battery, the aggregate lithium content is not more than 2 g, and for a lithium-ion battery, the watt-hour rating is not more than 100Wh. Lithium ion batteries subject to this provision shall be marked with the Watt-hour rating on the outside case, except those manufactured before 1 January 2009. (c)Each cell or battery is of the type proved to meet the requirements of each test in the Manual of Tests and Criteria, PartⅢ, sub-section 38.3. (d)Cells and batteries, expect when installed in equipment, shall be packed in inner packaging that completely enclose the cell or battery. Each cell or battery must be protected to prevent short circuits including protection against contact with conductive materials within the same packaging that could lead to a short circuit. The inner package must be packed in a strong outer packaging that is conforming to 4.1.1.1. 4.1.1.2 and 4.1.1.5. (e)As for cells or batteries that are installed in equipment shall be protected from damage and short circuit, and the equipment shall be equipped with an effective means of preventing accidental activation. When batteries are installed in equipment, the equipment shall be packed in strong outer packaging constructed of suitable material of adequate strength and design in relation to the packaging's capacity and its intended use unless the battery is afforded equivalent protection by the equipment in which it is contained. (f)Except for packages containing button cell batteries installed in equipment (including circuit boards), or no more than four cells installed in equipment or no more than two batteries installed in equipment, each package shall be marked. Lithium battery meet these condition should be ordered and transported as dangerous goods, but it can be exempted from requirements for packaging, stowage and isolation of dangerous goods. In summary, Lithium ion battery has passed UN38.3 test, lithium content is within required limit and the package is suitable, then it can be transported as non-dangerous good. (g)Except when batteries are installed in equipment, each package is capable of withstanding a 1.2 m drop test in any orientation without damage to cells or batteries contained therein, without shifting of the contents so as to allow battery to battery (or cell to cell) contact and without release of contents; (h)Except when batteries are installed in or packed with equipment, packages shall not exceed 30 kg gross mass. As used above and elsewhere in this provisions, the "lithium content" means the mass of lithium in the anode of a lithium metal or lithium alloy battery. UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods - Manual of Test and Criteria, Sub-section 38.3  Test content Series Standard requirement Altitude Simulation 38.3.4.1 Cell and battery shall no leaking, venting, disassembly, rupture or fire. The open circuit voltage of test cell or battery shall not be less than 90% of the pre-test voltage after testing. The voltage requirements do not apply to test cell and battery in a fully discharged state. Thermal Test 38.3.4.2 Cell and battery shall no leaking, venting, disassembly, rupture or fire. The open circuit voltage of test cell or battery shall not be less than 90% of the pre-test voltage after testing. The voltage requirements do not apply to test cell and battery in a fully discharged state. Vibration 38.3.4.3 Cell and battery shall no leaking, venting, disassembly, rupture or fire during and after the test. And the open circuit voltage of each test cell or battery in the third perpendicular mounting positions shall not be less than 90% of the pre-test voltage after test. The voltage requirements do not apply to tested cell and battery in a fully discharged state. Shock 38.3.4.4 Cell and battery shall no leaking, venting, disassembly, rupture or fire. The open circuit voltage of test cell or battery shall not be less than 90% of the pre-test voltage after testing. The voltage requirements do not apply to test cell and battery in a fully discharged state. External Short Circuit 38.3.4.5 Cell or battery case temperature does not exceed 170°C.  During test and within 6 hours after test, there shall be no disassembly, rupture or fire. Impact/Crash Test 38.3.4.6 Impact ( applicable to cylindrical cells not less than 18mm in diameter) Cell or battery case temperature does not exceed 170°C.  During test and within 6 hours after test, there shall be no disassembly, rupture or fire. Crush(applicable to prismatic, pouch, coin/button cell and cylindrical cell less than 18mm in diameter.) Cell or battery case temperature does not exceed 170°C.  During test and within 6 hours after test, there shall be no disassembly, rupture or fire. Overcharge 38.3.4.7 During the test and within 7 days after the test, The charged battery shall be no fire or disassembly. Forced Discharge 38.3.4.8 During the test and within 7 days after test, original or charged battery shall be no fire or disassembly.
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  • Reliability testing
    Summary With the continuous development of social economy, people's consumption level has also been rising, consumers not only consider about the products' function or appearance, but also requirements on product's reliability which becomes more and more outstanding. If the products can work well under a variety of complicated conditions such as: high temperature, low temperature, high humidity, vibration, impact, salt fog, depression, rainfall, soaking etc., it will increase the product's market competitiveness and bring CO-WIN for enterprises and consumers. AGC Realibity Lab.was built in 2012 based on the market requirement and" The Customer Service" objectives. We have an experienced test team and professional test equipments,can provide all-round test validation service for enterprises, find out the protenial default in the design, manufacture or use and the ways to improve or solve the problem, improve the product's quality and reliability. AGC Realibity Lab. has been equipped with many sets of test machines such as high and low temperature test chamber, temperature shock box, rapid temperature change box, IP68 full dust waterproof test equipment, high frequency mechanical vibration table, mechanical impact, collision, drop test machine, packing compression testing machine, salt spray testing machine, button and switch life testing machine, all kinds of friction test equipment, can do the reliability test and design scheme for different products with the test service ability for Chinese standard, industrial standard, military standard, IEC standards and ASTM standard. AGC Realibity Lab. Passed CNAS test capacity expansion review in April 2013 and obtained ISTA qualification in March 2015. Standards and Regulations
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